Friday, July 19, 2024

Chhath Puja: Bihar’s Mahaparva: templesofindia.org

An ancient Hindu holiday called Chhath started in Bihar, India. The Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand as well as the southern regions of Nepal also celebrate it.
In the Hindu calendar, it is known as Vikram Samvat and is observed on the sixth day of the lunar month of Karthika (October–November), which falls on the sixth day after Diwali. Four days are dedicated to the Chhath Puja festivities. The customs observed at Chhath Puja include holy washing, standing in water, fasting without drinking (vrata), and presenting prasad and Arghya to the setting and rising sun.

Upcreativeblogs | attentiveanimal | seobloggings | firstchoicefm | puredelightcandles | EightPatterns | AstroTechEng

One of the most environmentally conscious religious celebrations is Chhath Puja!

Relevance of the Event:

The sun is the deity that all living things can see. It is the origin of life for every living thing on the planet. Prayers are made to the Surya Devta at Chhath puja in order to thank him for all the blessings of life on earth and to ask that particular requests be granted. Shashthi Devi, or Chhathi Maiya, is the Goddess of the festivities during the puja. It is thought that Chhathi Maiya gives the kids longevity and protection.

In Hinduism, Shashthi Devi, the daughter of Brahma, is also referred to as Manas. She is also identified in the Puranic texts as the mother Katyayani, who is revered on the Shashti day of Navratri. In the Bihari dialect, Shashthi Devi is referred to as Chhathi Maiya.

The Ramayana and Mahabharata, respectively, list Treta and Dvapara Yugas as additional times when the Chhath Puja was conducted.

Similar to the Ramayana, Deepawali was observed when Rama and Sita returned to Ayodhya. Ramrajya was founded on the sixth day of the festival. Sita did Chhath Puja and Rama kept a fast on this day. Consequently, Luv and Kush became the blessings of sons for Rama and Sita.Similar to the Mahabharata, Kunti conducted Chhath Puja upon their escape from Lakshagriha.

Karna, the son of Lord Surya and monarch of Anga Desh, the present-day Bhagalpur in Bihar, also conducted Chhath Puja.

The Chhath Puja was also done by the Pandavas and Draupadi in order to overcome hardships and reclaim their lost kingdom.

The Origin Story of the Festival:

Legend has it that King Priyavrat, the son of the First Manu Swamibhu, never had children.This used to really aggravate him. Maharishi Kashyap requested that he undertake a Yagya.He carried out a Yagya on a son’s behalf as directed by the Maharishis. After this, Queen Malini gave birth to a son, but the child passed away soon after.King and his family were upset as a result.Just then, Mata Shasthi was sitting when she noticed a spaceship in the sky.As the king bowed down to her, she revealed herself as Lord Brahma’s manas daughter, Shashthi Devi, and she vowed to safeguard all children and bestow child blessings on childless parents.

The child was then brought back to life by the goddess, who blessed him with her hands.The king adored Shasthi Devi after being pleased by the goddess’s grace.There are rumours that Chhath puja is observed globally after this.

Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja

Observances of the Chhath Puja rituals:

The four-day Chhath Puja is a folk celebration. Kartik Shukla Chaturthi is the first, while Kartik Shukla Saptami is the last. The primary worshippers, referred to as “vratins” or “parvaitins,” offer prayers for the health and prosperity of their families and children.

Some of the samagris needed for the Chhath Puja are as follows:

One sizable bamboo basket, three brass or bamboo stools, a dish, and a glass.
Rice, sweet potato, sweet vermilion, coconut, turmeric, sugarcane, suthani, and veggie.
Dessert, pears, large lemons, honey, milk, paan, the entire herd, caravans, camphor, and sandalwood.
banana, radish, bottle leaves, green ginger, and spices like cloves and black cardamom.
Take thekua, malpua, kheer-puri, rice ladoos, semolina pudding, etc. as prasad.

Day 1: Nahaaye-Khaaye (Bath-and-Eat): Parvaitin preparing the meal

The cleanliness of this festival is its most significant feature. The devotees bathe in a river on this day, particularly the Ganges, and clean the house and its environs. They use the Ganga Water they bring home to prepare their meals. Traditionally, moong chana dal, bottle guard, and pumpkin are used to make prasad in Pure Ghee. The Parvaitin prepares the cleanest, tastiest Satvik Kaddu Bhaat.The deity, known as Bhog, receives this preparation in the afternoon. The Parv is started by this. The rest of the family eats after the Vratti. This day the vratin eats only once.

Day 2: Kharnaa

The Vrattis fast all day on the second day of the celebration, not taking a single sip of water before dusk.The whole day is devoted to festival preparation, including purchasing for necessities like sugarcane, fruits, and other supplies.Later on in the evening, vratins prepare chapattis and Rasav-kheer, a special Prasad made with rice, milk, and jaggery. Worshipping Chhathi Maiya, the vratins feed her this specially made prasad along with other fruits like bananas, radish, green ginger, bottle leaves, and spices like cloves and black cardamom. Following puja, the vratin breaks their fast by consuming Prasad, which they then share with their loved ones.

Day 3: Arghya Sandhya:

Another name for Sandhya Argya is the Sanjhiya Ghat, or evening offering. Offering preparation takes up the full day (typically starting early in the morning before sunrise). During the day, the daura is loaded with all the offerings, including thekua and seasonal fruits. Every member of the family, including the vratin, congregates on the bank of a river, pond, or reservoir that has been adorned for the puja in the evening. From the ghat, Vratti worships the dying sun. Folk tunes that reflect the culture of the Festival are sung.

Day 4: Bhor Arghya

Bihaniya Arghya, also known as Usha Arghya, is the dawn offering made to Surya Devta. Once more, the family members and vratins congregate early in the morning on the riverbank and sit there until the sun comes up. They adore Chhati Maiya while singing. The morning arghya is provided by entering the water with arghyas stored in soop as the sun rises. After that, Chhatti maiyya is asked to ensure the child’s safety and the happiness of the whole family. Following the morning prayers, the vratins share prasad among themselves, receive blessings from elders on the ghat, and then depart for their homes.

In order to break their 36-hour fast, vratins drink naariyal paani and tea and consume a small amount of prasad after returning from the ghat. Subsequently, delectable food is cooked and served to the vratti. They often eat light that day because they have been fasting for a very long time. We refer to this as Paran or Parana.The four-day Chhath Puja comes to an end in this manner.

Vist For More :-

templesofindia.org

Read more

Local News